Recently, the United States Department of Energy announced a $2.4 million investment to collect and analyze data for hydrogen fueling stations. The five projects – located in California, Illinois, and Connecticut – will track the performance and technical progress of refueling systems at planned or existing hydrogen fueling stations to find ways to lower costs and improve operation. These investments are part of the Department’s commitment to support U.S. leadership in advanced hydrogen and fuel cell research and help the industry bring hydrogen technologies into the marketplace at a lower cost.

“As part of an all-of-the-above strategy to deploy every available source of American energy, the Energy Department is committed to advancing fuel cell technologies and supporting innovative technologies that diversify our nation’s transportation sector and reduce our dependence on imported oil,” said Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, David Danielson. “The investments made today will support American manufacturing competitiveness in the next generation of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, driving more efficient designs and new component development.”

The United States Department of Energy committed $2.4 million in hydrogen fuel research to help the industry bring hydrogen technologies into the marketplace at lower cost. Credit: California Air Resources Board.

These new projects will collect data and monitor the performance of hydrogen fuel stations, advanced components, and other innovative hydrogen technologies using renewable energy or natural gas. In addition, today, the Energy Department released the final report from a technology validation project that had collected data from more than 180 fuel cell electric vehicles. Over six years, these vehicles made more than 500,000 trips and traveled 3.6 million miles, completing more than 33,000 fill-ups at hydrogen fueling stations across the country. The project found that these vehicles achieved more than twice the efficiency of today’s gasoline vehicles, with refueling times of five minutes for four kilograms of hydrogen.

As part of a two-year initiative, the U.S. DOE will make $2.4 million available in fiscal year 2012, with a 50% cost share being provided by the award winners. The projects selected for negotiation of award include:
• California Air Resources Board (Sacramento, California) — This project will analyze an operating hydrogen refueling station that uses natural gas to produce hydrogen. This station has an on-site storage capacity of over 180 kg of hydrogen and is capable of delivering over 60 kg of back-to-back fill-ups in less than one hour. (DOE Award: $150,000)

• California State University and Los Angeles Auxiliary Services, Inc. (Los Angeles, California) — This project will collect data from hydrogen refueling architecture deployed at California State University, Los Angeles. This station will be publicly accessible 24 hours per day and will fuel up to 20 hydrogen-powered vehicles daily. (DOE Award: $400,000)

• Gas Technology Institute (Des Plaines, Illinois) — This project will analyze operational, transactional, safety, and reliability data from five hydrogen fueling stations. The project will deploy its hydrogen compressor technology at these stations, which will be accessible to the public for fueling commercial vehicles, government-owned vehicles, and consumer fuel cell electric vehicles. (DOE Award: $400,000)

• Proton Energy Systems (Wallingford, Connecticut) — Proton Energy Systems will conduct two projects. The first will provide operational data from two existing stations that integrate hydrogen generation, compression, storage, and dispensing. The stations generate fuel cell-grade hydrogen from water through on-site, solar-powered electrolysis. The research team will collect data on station operation, maintenance, repair, and energy consumption. (DOE Award: $400,000)
Additionally, Proton Energy Systems will lead a second project to deploy an advanced high-pressure electrolyzer at an existing hydrogen fueling station and nearly double the dispensing capacity of its storage tanks. (DOE Award: $1 million)

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